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Steatham Research - Glebe Terriers

What is a Glebe Terrier?

Glebe Terriers detailed the list of Property, and Tithes that a 'living' at a parish was entitled to.

The Glebe terriers were created /revised by the Rector, normally in conjunction with Churchwardens, and then signed and sent to the Diocese office, which in this case was Lichfield.

For Steatham Vicars, John Waltham, Samuel Lowe, Joseph Hugill, we have the Glebe Terriers, so we have a little more information about their time at St Lawrence.

Lichfield Record Office [LRO] has the originals.

John Waltham's Monument,
St Lawrence, Darlaston.

Copyright 2010 - Nigel James Wright.

John Waltham at St Lawrence from 1800 to 1814.

There are two Glebe Terriers for John Waltham, dated the 11th February 1800, and the 1st June 1809.

He was instituted at St Lawrence on Friday the 21st February 1800, so it can be seen he got his Glebe Terriers confirmed before he officially took office.

This was important as basically a Glebe Terrier is a list of what he was intitled to receive in the post. The Church of England did not provide any income whatsoever to the Rectory.

Memorial to Samuel Lowe M.A.,
St Lawrence, Darlaston.
Samuel Lowe at St Lawrence from 1814 to 1834.

The Glebe Terrier for Samuel Lowe, dated the 30th August 1824, states...

... for every burial in a grave in the churchyard the Rector receives 10 d and the Clerk 2/2 for the grave, with double fees for both for those out of the parish.

For every new Vault in the churchyard the Rector receives 5 guineas and the Clerk 5/- and for opening the same the Rector a guinea and the Clerk 2/6 ? then ? Vault ten guineas and the Clerk fee for every Vault funeral in the Church is 5/- additional.

And for setting up a gravestone in the churchyard the Rector receives half a guinea and the Clerk a shilling.

The Parish also finds the Clerk a Spade, Matlock [?], and Langhorn [Lantern] for the use of the Church.


Samuel Lowe Rector.

Geo. Bayley churchwarden.
Isaiah Twigg churchwarden.

We now see the Rev. Samuel Lowe mentioned amongst others reducing his tithes.

Weekly Times (London) - Sunday 1st January 1832

REDUCTION OF RENT, TITHES, &c. The Rev. H. Elsley, as his audit for the parish of Burniston, North Riding of York, held last week, returned to his parishioners, for the second time, 10 per cent. on the amount of their rents. They were also regaled with a substantial dinner of roast beef and plum pudding, with other dishes. ...The Rev. S. Lowe, rector of Darlaston, at his late tithe audit, on the 15th instant, 'returned 10 per cent.

After Samuel Lowe's death the next Rector was George Fisk.

He does not feature much in the Steatham story as he did not baptise or bury any Steathams.

Hackwood [HAC] reports that he was unpopular in the parish, and eventually moved to Walsall.

An examination of his Glebe Terriers may provide an answer.

His first was dated 7th August 1832, his second dated 1st September 1836, compared to what has gone before they were very oppressive to the parish.

Every widow and widower pays... every man and woman pays... every married couple pays... it seems now under Fisk everyone pays!

To quote... Tithe eggs are to be paid every Good Friday... and so it goes on..

We also see now, even the landowners have had enough.

Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser - Wednesday 12th December 1838

WE the undersigned, being landowners, or duly authorised agents of landowners, within the parish of Darlaston, in the county of Stafford, whose interest is not less than one fourth part of the whole value of the lands subject to tithes within the said parish, do this notice in writing under our hands call PAROCHIAL MEETING of LANDOWNERS and TITHEOWNERS within the limits of the Mid parish, for the purpose of making an AGREEMENT for the GENERAL COMMUTATION of TITHES within the limits of the said parish, pursuant to the provisions of Act passed in the sixth and seventh years of the reign of his late Majesty King William the Fourth, entituled An Act for the Commutation of Tithes in England and Wales;

and we do hereby also give notice that such meeting will be held at the Public Office, Darlaston aforesaid, on Thursday, the twentieth day of December next, the hour of eleven o’clock in the forenoon.—

Given under our hands this twenty-seventh day of September, 1838. RD. JESSON, Jun. Agent for Sir E. D. Scott, Bart. CHARLES ROBERTS, Agent for E. T. Foley, Esq. J, ADDISON, CHAS. ADAMS, SAMUEL SMITH, Jen. GEORGE BAYLEY, SAMUEL SMITH, JOHN KENDRICK, WM. THRUSTANS, Jen. SARAH THRUSTANS, CHAS. ADAMS, Agent for Richard Blakemore Esq., LUCY JONES, EDWARD CRESSWELL, EDWARD LOWE CRESSWELL, JOSIAH CRESSWELL, RICH. BILLS.

Joseph Hugill's Monument,
St Lawrence, Darlaston.

Copyright 2010 - Nigel James Wright.

Joseph Hugill at St Lawrence from 1840 to 1842.

The Glebe Terrier for Joseph Hugill, dated the 1st September 1841, states...

...The dwelling house contains four rooms on the ground floor with seven rooms on the second floor, and attics above with the garden east and west of it, ? the yard with stables coach house and back kitchen...

The above is interesting, as it is the only description we have of the now demolished Rectory.

We now see in Lewis Topographical Dictionary of England 1845

Darlaston contains 8244 inhabitants, with the most important articles manufactured are gun-locks,, bits, stirrups, buckles, nails, screws, cast-iron goods, and iron bars, in which a great portion of the population is employed; and in the parish are rich mines of coal and iron-stone, principally wrought by the Birmingham Coal Company.

The living is a rectory, valued in the King’s books at £3. 11. 5½., and in the gift of the Trustees of J. Thornton, Esq.: the tithes have been commuted for £250, and the glebe comprises 18 acres. The church was rebuilt by subscription in 1806, and enlarged in 1819 and 1833; it is of brick, with stone steeple erected on a much more ancient tower.

£3 11s 5½d in 1845, in todays money would be the equal to £451 - Calculated using this Link.

£250 in 1845, in todays money would be the equal to £32,389 - Calculated using this Link.

We also see much later...

The living is a rectory, average tithe rent-charge £195, net yearly value £282, including 11 acres of glebe, with residnce, in the gift of the late Rev. Charles Simeon, and held since 1890 by the Rev. Thomas Edwin Hamer M.A. of St, John's College, Cambridge, and surrogate.

£195 in 1895, in today's money would be the equal to £30,302 - Calculated using this Link.

£282 in 1895, in today's money would be the equal to £43,822 - Calculated using this Link.    All Rights Reserved.